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Causes of bunions
Bunions are caused by ongoing pressure on the feet, particularly on the big toe. Some common sources of such pressure include:
- Certain medical conditions, including arthritis.
- Inherited structural defects of the foot.
- Shoe fit – stress points from high-heeled shoes or shoes that fit too tightly.
Symptoms of bunions
Symptoms of bunions include:
- “Hammertoes” (bent or claw-like toes).
- Corns and calluses between the toes.
- Ingrown toenails.
- Misshaped joint area of big toe.
- Pain, redness, and/or swelling of the big toe’s joint.
- Restricted movement of the big toe.
- Thickening of the skin around the toes.
Treatment for bunions
Treatment for bunions depends on the severity of your symptoms and is not always necessary. For relatively minor bunions, lifestyle adjustments (i.e. wearing well-fitting shoes and/or shoe inserts and other supports) may be all that is necessary to heal the bunions. For more severe bunions, medications, including anti-inflammatory and pain control medications, may be required. In severe cases, including those in which a sac of fluid surrounding the joint becomes inflamed, surgery may be required.
With the help of an experienced doctor, bunions are treatable. If you are experiencing the symptoms of bunions, contact your doctor today to learn more about treatment options.