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Causes of spasms
The medical conditions listed below can all cause carpopedal spasms. There may be additional factors involved, so it is best to consult a physician for a comprehensive diagnosis.
- Huntington’s disease.
- Hyperventilation (the body loses calcium temporarily).
- Hypocalcemia (low calcium levels in the blood).
- Multiple sclerosis.
- Muscle cramps (usually caused by overexertion, dehydration, or holding the hands and feet in a flexed position for a prolonged period).
- Parkinson’s disease.
- Thyroid disorders.
Carpopedal spasms are characterized by severe contractions of the hands and feet. The spasms may also be accompanied by the following:
- Muscle cramping.
- Muscle weakness.
- Numbness or tingling (pins and needles feeling in the toes, fingers, and around the mouth).
- Uncontrolled movement.
Carpopedal spasms can be violent and extremely painful. If you are experiencing recurrent spasms, contact a doctor immediately.
Hand and feet spasms may be a symptom of a more serious condition. If you notice spasms occurring on a regular basis, your doctor will likely conduct several diagnostic tests to determine the cause including blood tests to measure calcium, magnesium, and Vitamin D levels, kidney function tests, and hormone level testing.
If you are suffering from hypocalcemia, treatment will likely include Vitamin D and calcium supplements. Consult a physician to learn more about the treatment options for recurrent carpopedal spasms.